Bulgaria in brief

ABOUT BULGARIA

Nature and Traditions

The Rose Festival in Pictures

The Communist Heritage in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is situated in Southeast Europe in the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east.


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Population: 7,973, 673
Capital city: Sofia
Official language: Bulgarian
Alphabet: Cyrillic
Religion: There is freedom of religious confessions. Traditional religion in the Republic of Bulgaria is Eastern Orthodox Christianity
National holiday: March 3, the day of the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman domination (1878)
Monetary unit: the Bulgarian Lev BGN


Climate
The climate is moderate, with four seasons. The summers are hot and the winters are cold with snow.
Summer temperatures are usually moderate: about 28- 32C.
Winter temperatures vary between 0 and 7C below zero. Very rarely temperatures may drop below 15C below zero. Its snowing in the period December March.


Tourism diversity in Bulgaria
  • Cultural tourism
  • Sea recreation
  • Winter sports and recreation
  • Golf
  • Spa and wellness
  • Eco and rural tourism
  • Hunting
  • MICE
  • Etc.


History and cultural tourism
Bulgaria is on third place in Europe after Greece and Italy by number of archaeological monuments, dating more than 3000 years.
From XII century BC the Thracians inhabit the Eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.
Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe, created in 632 and the only one, preserved its name more than 13 centuries.
Bulgaria has 7 cultural and 2 natural monuments, included in UNESCO world heritage list.


Sea resorts
The Bulgarian Black sea coastline has a length of 378 kilometers. White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast. Some of the most popular Bulgarian Black Sea resorts are Golden Sands, St. St. Constantine and Elena, Albena, Sunny Beach, Duni, Elenite and many others. The summer season is from May to the end of September and millions of foreign and local tourists visit the Bulgarian Black sea resorts.
The area's average air temperature in the summer is about 28C, with the average water temperature at 26C.
Varna in the North and Burgas /in the South/ are the two main cities on the Black Sea coast and their international airports are the main hubs servicing the region.


Ski resorts
There are a several mountains in Bulgaria. Through them are the Balkan Mountain range /that give the name of the Balkan Peninsula/, Rila /with the highest point of the Balkan Peninsula Musala 2925 m/, Pirin and the Rhodopes mountain range.
There are several ski resorts. The most popular are Borovets in Rila, Bansko in Pirin and Pamporovo in the Rhodopes.
Borovets is situated in Sofia Province, at an altitude of 1350 m. It is 10 km from Samokov, 73 km from Sofia and 125 km from Plovdiv.
Bansko is situated at an altitude of 927 m. It is 145km from Plovdiv and 150 km from Sofia. Close to the resort begins Pirin National Park.
Pamporovo is situated at an altitude of 1650 m. The highest peak in the area - Snezhanka at 1928 m, is several hundred meters above the resort. Pamporovo is around 260 km away from Sofia, 85 km south of Plovdiv.


Golf in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is announced by IAGTO "The Undiscovered Golf Destination of the Year 2012".
Golf courses that we offer are located on the beach (Thracian Cliffs Golf & Beach Resort, Black Sea Rama Golf & Villas, Lighthouse Golf & SPA Resort) or at the foot of the mountains (Pirin Golf & Country Club, Pravets Golf & SPA) and near Sofia (St. Sofia Golf and SPA). Many of them are signature golf courses (Gary Player, Ian Woosman). All are 18-hole, and Pirin Golf & Country Club is 27 holes.
  • Black Sea Rama Golf & Villas is the first championship signature golf course in Bulgaria - 18 holes, par 72, and length of 6648 meters
  • Thracian Cliffs - the 18-hole Gary Player designed signature course is one of the most dramatic golf courses on earth
  • The Lighthouse is a 18 holes golf course, designed by Ian Woosman Par 71, 6100 m
  • Pirin Golf is a Ian Woosman signature golf course with 27 holes Par 72, 6790 m
  • Pravets is a 18 holes golf course, par 72, 6470 m, designed by Peter Harradine
  • St. Sofia is a 18 holes golf course, par 71, 6076 m, redesigned by Paul McGinely.


Amazing facts about Bulgaria

  • Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe that hasn`t changed its name since it was first established. This happened in 681 AD.

  • The Bulgarian folk song Izlel e Delio Haydutin has been flying around open space together with Bachs and Mozarts greatest works since 1977 when the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 probes left the Earth.

  • Over 15 000 Thracian tombs have been discovered on the territory of Bulgaria. The bulk of them are yet to be explored.

  • The gold treasure, discovered in the Varna Necropolis is the oldest one in the world. It dates back to 5000 BC.

  • The famous Bulgarian rose oil is used for making some of the worlds most popular and expensive perfumes. One gram rose oil is produced out of 1000 rose blossoms.

  • Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is the only big city in Europe that lies just 15 minutes away from an imposing mountain Vitosha. Cherni Vrah (Black Peak 2290 m) is its highest peak.

  • There is asolid historical evidence that wine has been produced on the territory of what is now modern-day Bulgaria ever since the Stone Age. Today the country has earned the reputation of a world-class wine producer.

  • Plovdiv , the second largest city in Bulgaria is one of the world's most ancient cities and Europe's oldest inhabited city - even beating Athens and Rome. Plovdiv's history dates back as far as 4000 BC (or more than 6000 years ago), when a Neolithic settlement was established.

  • Bulgarian yogurt is the best in the world, without any doubt. The reason is the unique Lactobacillus bulgaricus bacteria used for its production that can only be found on the territory of the country.

  • Bulgaria comes third in the list of European countries with most valuable archaeological sites discovered on their territories, preceded only by Greece and Italy.

  • Cyrillic - Bulgarians read and write using the Cyrillic alphabet, and the country actually is the origin of the alphabet, having adopted its use before Russia. Credit can be given to Saints Cyril and Methodius, born in the 9th century.

  • Rakia - This alcoholic beverage can be considered the country's national drink. Made from fermented fruit, rakia constitutes anywhere between 40% alcoholic content (when produced by a distillery) to 80% or more (when homemade).

  • Martenitsa - If you happen to be in Bulgaria on March 1st, join in the celebrations of Baba Marta (Grandmother March). On this holiday welcoming the upcoming spring, Bulgarians exchange small tassels and bracelets of white and red yarn called martenitsa.

  • Bulgarians shake their heads to mean yes and nod for no.

  • The Bulgarian army has never lost a single flag in battle.

  • John Vincent Atanasoff was a physicist and inventor of Bulgarian descent, best known for inventing the first electronic digital computer.

  • The Bulgarian flag consists three colors: white, green and red, laid horizontally from top to bottom. The white is a symbol of hope, the green is a symbol for the wonderful nature, and the red is a symbol of the blood soaked into our lands.